The Rise and Fall of the Minoans Explained in 14 Minutes
Mar 27, 2022 The Minoans were an ancient civilization that built their settlements on islands in the Aegean Sea. They lived almost 5,000 years ago and left behind traces of their lives but not enough for people to create a complete picture. Ever since the early 20th century, the Minoans have been a subject of interest thanks to the discoveries and excavations by Sir Arthur Evans, a British archaeologist who found the first Minoan ruins and named them after the mythological King Minos and his Minotaur. Evans was able to gain almost sole access to the lands of the Cretan government for excavation by paying for it with funds generated by his supporters in 1900. He and his crew unearthed the massive palace complex of Knossos, one of the most famous archaeological excavation sites in history.
Feb 8, 2023 Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe's oldest city. Settled as early as the Neolithic period it eventually became the ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan civilization and culture. The palace was abandoned at the end of the Late Bronze Age, c.1380–1100 BC. The site is famous for the mythical labyrinth associated with its inventor Daedalus, King Minos, Princess Ariadne, and Theseus of Athens, as well as the megalithic 'Horns of Consecration' and the remarkable Throne Room. Numerous snake-goddesses, giant double-axes and other stunning artefacts have also been found. It was discovered in 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos, and the excavations began in 1900 by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans (1851–1941) and his team, and continued for 35 years. It is an enormous assemblage of 800 rooms, originally covered with magnificent frescoes, occupying several acres, with an earlier megalithic, cyclopean foundation. Includes exclusive aerial footage.
Solving the Ancient Mystery of Knossos and the Minotaur
May 26, 2023 'Unravelling the Mystery of Knossos and the Minotaur' The legend of the Minotaur and its labyrinth has captivated us for centuries, but is there any evidence of it really existing? History Hit presenter Tristan Hughes visits the Ashmolean museum in Oxford to interview Dr. Andrew Shapland, the curator of a new exhibition exploring the Bronze Age settlement of Knossos in Crete - the home of the mythical King Minos, the Minotaur and the labyrinth. Together they explore ancient artefacts that hint at human sacrifices being carried out, and find out through archaeological evidence if there is any truth behind the myths.
Troy & Trojan War
The ENTIRE Story of the Trojan War Explained | Best Iliad Documentary
Mar 26, 2022 The Story of the Trojan War in Homer’s Iliad, is considered one of the greatest works that Western civilization has ever produced. From Achilles and Odysseus to Paris and Helen, their names have echoed throughout the ages, with their stories playing an integral role in Greek Mythology. Intro: 0:00 The Trojan War 0:47 The Suitors of Helen 3:04 The Judgement of Paris 5:12 The Greeks Assemble 9:00 The Start of the Iliad 18:19 The Tenth Year of War 21:10 The Death of Hector 24:19 The Trojan Horse 27:30 The Fall of Troy 31:29
Archaeological Site of Troy - Only In Türkiye | Go Türkiye
Aug 27, 2023 The archaeological site of Troy's extensive remains is the most significant demonstration of the first contact between the civilizations of Anatolia and the Mediterranean world. The ancient city where the mythological Trojan War took place was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list in 1998, making it one of the most famous ancient cities in the world. Only in Türkiye!
Acropolis and Agora in Athens with Rick Steves
ANCIENT GREECE Song by Mr. Nicky
Alexander the Great
A Timeline Map of Alexander the Great's Empire
Nov 14, 2022 In this video, we chart the rise and fall of Alexander the Great's extraordinary empire, which stretched from Macedonia in modern day Greece to the borders of the Indian subcontinent. Alexander's empire would not outlive him, but his achievements would make him one of the most famous generals in history. In particular, his conquest of the Persian Empire - the superpower of his day - would ensure his legendary status for millennia. In this brand new series for History Hit, we unroll the map to create a visual timeline of the most successful empires in history. This episode was written by History Hit's Tristan Hughes.
Alexander the Great is one of the most famous, or infamous, figures in world history. A man who conquered the superpower of his day and forged a massive empire. But the origins of that empire stretch further back than the man himself. To understand Alexander’s success fully, you first need to go back to the reign of his father: King Philip II of Macedon.
When Philip ascended the throne of Macedon in 359 BC, his kingdom consisted of much of what is today northern Greece. Nevertheless, Macedon’s position at that time was a precarious one, surrounded by Thracians to the east, Paeonians to the north and Illyrians to the west, all hostile to Philip’s kingdom. But thanks to a series of shrewd diplomatic moves and military reforms, he was able to reverse his kingdom’s flailing fortunes.
Over the course of his 23 year reign, he transformed his kingdom from a backwater of the Hellenic world into the dominant power in the Central Mediterranean. By 338 BC, following his victory at the Battle of Chaeronea against a coalition of Greek city-states that included Athens and Thebes, Philip’s Macedonian Empire theoretically stretched from the borders of Laconia in the south to the Haemus Mountains in modern day Bulgaria. It was this vital, imperial base that Alexander would build on.
Philip was assassinated in 336 BC; succeeding him to the Macedonian throne was the teenage Alexander. During his first years in power, Alexander consolidated Macedonian control on the Greek mainland, razing the city-state of Thebes and marching his armies beyond the Danube River. Once these matters were settled, he embarked on his most famous military venture - crossing the Hellespont (today’s Dardanelles) and invading the Persian Empire - the SUPERPOWER of the time.
At the core of Alexander’s army were two key components. The Macedonian heavy infantry, trained to fight in large phalanx formations, with each soldier wielding a massive, 6 metre long pike called a sarissa. Working in tandem with the heavy infantry on the battlefield were Alexander’s elite, shock ‘Companion’ Cavalry - each equipped with a 2 metre lance called a xyston. And alongside these central units, Alexander also took advantage of some stellar, allied forces: javelinmen from the, heavy cavalry from Thessaly and archers from Crete.
Backed by this army, slowly Alexander made his way east - gaining significant victories at the River Granicus, Halicarnassus and Issus between 334 and 331 BC.
By September 331 BC, following a series of bloody battles and large-scale sieges, Alexander had conquered the western provinces of the Persian Empire. His forces commanded most of Anatolia, the Eastern Mediterranean seaboard and the wealthy, fertile land of Egypt. His next move was to continue east, towards ancient Mesopotamia and the heartlands of the Persian Empire.
He decisively defeated the Great Persian King Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela - on 1 October 331 BC - paving the way for Alexander to take control of the Persian Empire’s key administrative centres: first Babylon, then Susa, then Persepolis in Persia itself and, finally, Ecbatana. With this, Alexander had indisputably conquered the Persian Empire, an achievement that was cemented in mid 330 BC, when the fugitive Darius was assassinated by his former subordinates.
Alexander the Great | Daniel 11 | Part 2
ALEXANDER THE GREAT COMPLETELY FULFILLED EZEKIEL'S PROPHECY Jun 14, 2020